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Cataract Surgery in Diseased Eyes

ISBN: 9789351520924
ISBN: 9789351520924
Εκδόσεις:
Εκδόσεις

Ημ. Έκδοσης

2014/04

Σελίδες

260

Μορφή

Έντυπο

Κύριος Συγγραφέας

228,00€(Περιλαμβάνεται ΦΠΑ 6%)

Διαθεσιμότητα: 23-28 ημέρες

Περιγραφή

Cataracts are a very common condition and over time can lead to blindness if untreated. They are the most common cause of blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is one of the most commonly performed procedures.

Cataract Surgery in Diseased Eyes presents different surgical techniques to remove cataracts in patients with other pre-existing ocular disorders. Presented as case scenarios, the book covers numerous different conditions including dry eye, uveitis and glaucoma, as well as cataract surgery after other types of eye surgery.

With contributions from internationally recognised specialists in Europe, North America and Asia, this useful guide includes more than 200 images, illustrations and tables to enhance learning.

Key points

 

  • Describes cataract surgery techniques for use with other pre-existing eye conditions
  • Presents more than 30 case scenarios covering different disorders
  • Contributions from experts in Europe, North America and Asia
  • Includes more than 200 images, illustrations and tables

 

Περιεχόμενα

1. Cataract Surgery in the Dry Eye Patient 1
Ryan St Clair, Edward C Lai, Christopher E Starr
? Preoperative Evaluation 2
? Preoperative Testing 3
? Preoperative Treatment 3
? Intraoperative Considerations 4
? Postoperative Care 5
2. Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Corneal Opacification 8
Jeewan S Titiyal, Himanshu Shekhar
? Indications 8
? Preoperative Work-up 8
? Investigations 9
? Surgical Technique 9
? Postoperative Management 10
? Aids to Facilitate Surgery 10
3. Cataract Surgery in Patients with Pterygium 15
Sudeep Das, Mathew Kurian, Rohit Shetty, Somshekar Nagappa, Soumya Ganesh Nanaiah
? Surgical Techniques for Pterygium Excision 15
? Simultaneous or Sequential Surgery for Pterygium and Cataract 15
? Choice of IOLs 18
? Choice of Cataract Surgical Technique following Pterygium Surgery 18
? Counseling 19
4. Cataract Surgery in Compromised Endothelium 21
Steve A Arshinoff
? When Should Concern be aroused? 21
? What Actions can be taken? 21
5. Management of Coexisting Astigmatism during Cataract Surgery 27
Timothy V Roberts
? Prevalence of Astigmatism 27
? Terminology: Axis or Meridian? 28
? Measuring Astigmatism 28
? Surgical Techniques 29
? Surgical Planning 31
? Patient Selection 31
? Astigmatism Management Algorithm 32

? Astigmatic Keratotomy 32
? Corneal Marking and Toric IOL Alignment Techniques 33
? Intraoperative Alignment Systems 33
6. Cataract Surgery in Eyes after Corneal Surgery 35
Jorge L Alio, Ahmed A Abdelghany, Alessandro Abbouda
? Preoperative Clinical Examination 35
? Planification of Cataract Surgery 36
? Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Previous Keratoplasty or Associated to Keratoplasty 36
? The Role of Femtosecond Laser in Combined Cataract and Keratoplasty 41
? Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Previous Corneal Trauma and Scars 42
? Cataract Surgery in Keratoconic Eyes 42
? Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Previous Corneal Refractive Surgery 42
? Cataract Surgery after LASIK and PRK 42
? Cataract Surgery with Previous Incisional Corneal Surgery 43
? Combined PK and Cataract Surgery 45
? MICS with Toric IOL in Eyes with Previous Corneal Surgery 45
? Intralase Femtosecond Corneal Graft Surgery 47
? Postoperative Follow-up 49
7. Cataract Surgery in Highly Myopic Eyes 52
Robert Lalane, Uday Devgan
? High Myopia 52
? Preoperative Evaluation 52
? Intraoperative Considerations and Strategies 53
? Postoperative Management 55
8. Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Shallow Anterior Chamber 57
Larry Benjamin
? Preoperative Issues 57
? Peroperative Problems 57
? Capsulorhexis 57
? Hydrodissection 58
? Phacoemulsification and Irrigation/Aspiration 59
? Biometry 59
9. Phacoemulsification in a Small Pupil 61
Vaishali Vasavada, Abhay R Vasavada
? Preoperative Considerations 61
? Postoperative Considerations 65
10. Cataract Surgery in Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome (IFIS) Eyes 67
Steve A Arshinoff, Milad Modabber
? α-Adrenergic Pharmacology and Causes of IFIS 67
? Surgical Complications of IFIS 69
? IFIS Management Strategies 69

? Pharmacologic Management ofIFIS 70
? Ophthalmic Viscosurgical Devices 70
11. Cataract Surgery in Uveitic Eyes 77
Aliza Jap, Soon-Phaik Chee
? Surgical Technique 79
? Postoperative Management 83
12. Cataract Surgery in Patients with Iris Defects 85
Sathish Srinivasan, Darren S J Ting
? Iris Suturing 85
? Selection of PID 87
? Surgical Technique 88
? Endocapsular Implantation 90
? Outcomes 90
? Complications 91
? Other Complications 93
13. Phaco in White Mature/Hypermature/Intumescent Cataract 95
Anne M Floyd, Nick Mamalis
? Types of White Cataracts 95
? Preoperative Evaluation 96
? Surgical Approach 97
? Capsular Staining 97
? Capsulotomy 97
? Phacoemulsification 98
? Posterior Capsule Weakness 99
? Zonular Weakness 100
14. The Surgery of Rock Hard Cataracts 101
Richard Packard
? Classification of Rock Hard Cataracts 101
? Anatomy 101
? Incisions 101
? Capsulorhexis, Viscoelastics, and Irrigating Solutions 102
? Hydrodissection 103
? Summary of Learning Points with Rock Hard Cataract 106
15. Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Posterior Polar Cataract 107
David Allen
? The Condition 107
? The Problem 108
? Surgical Planning 108
? Surgery 108
? Outcomes 112

16. Surgery of Subluxated Cataracts: Malyugin Modified CTR 114
Boris Malyugin
? Surgical Technique 115
? Results 117
17. Cataract in Patients with Pseudoexfoliation 119
Alan S Crandall
18. Phacoemulsification in Vitrectomized Eyes 122
Arup Chakrabarti, Meena Chakrabarti, Sonia R John
? Risks in Vitrectomized Eyes 122
? Preoperative Considerations 124
? History 124
? Preoperative Work-up 124
? Intraocular Lens Power Considerations 125
? Postoperative Management 129
? Complications 129
19. Lens Extraction in Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma 132
Nafees B Baig, Ka-wai Kam, Clement CY Tham
? Definition and Classification of Angle Closure Glaucoma 132
? Management Approach to Chronic Angle Closure Glaucoma 133
? Biometry of PACG Eyes 133
? Anatomical Effects of Cataract Extraction in PACG Eyes 134
? Effects of Cataract Extraction on IOP in PACG Eyes 134
? PACG with Coexisting Cataract 135
? PACG without Cataract 136
? Role of Lens Extraction in APAC 137
? Technical Challenges of Lens Extraction in PACG 137
20. Cataract Surgery and Management of the Glaucoma Patient 140
Anjum Cheema, Kuldev Singh, Anurag Shrivastava
? Cataract Surgery: A Global Perspective 140
? Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Pressure Lowering 141
? Combined Cataract and Glaucoma Surgery in the POAG Patient 142
? Surgical Considerations 145
? Pseudoexfoliation and Cataract Surgery 145
? IOL Considerations 147
? Management of Glaucoma in the Postoperative Period 147
? Prostaglandin Analog (PGA) Use and Cystoid Macular Edema (CME) 147

21. Lens-induced Glaucoma 152
Rengaraj Venkatesh, Srinivasan Kavitha
? Types 152
? Phacolytic Glaucoma 152
? Phacomorphic Glaucoma 154
22. Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Filtering Blebs 158
Dewang Angmo, Tanuj Dada
? Preoperative Evaluation 159
? Intraoperative Measures 160
? Postoperative Consideration 161
? Outcome of Phacoemulsification in Eyes with a Filtering Bleb 161
23. Cataract Surgery in the Presence of Diabetic Retinopathy 165
Chan Nguyen, Uday Devgan
? Preoperative Testing 165
? Increased Risk of Progression 165
? The Role of Anti-VEGF Agents 166
? Surgical Challenges 169
24. Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lens Selection in
Patients with Age-related Macular Degeneration 171
Meena Chakrabarti, Sonia R John, Arup Chakrabarti
? Timing of Cataract Surgery in Patients with AMD 171
? Review of Literature Regarding the Relationship between
Modern Cataract Surgery and Progression of AMD 171
? Preoperative Imaging and the Role of Potential Vision Test before Cataract Surgery 174
? Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Wet AMD in the ERA of Anti-VEGF Therapy 175
? Use of Advanced Technology IOLs (ATIOLs) in AMD Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery 176
25. Femtosecond Laser Cataract in Diseased Eyes 180
Michael Lawless
? Technique 180
? Relative Contraindications to Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery 181
? Complex Cases for Femtosecond Cataract Surgery 183
? Cataract Surgery in Minors 186
? Postrefractive Surgery 186
26. Persistent Fetal Vasculature 189
Muralidhar Ramappa, Rupal H Trivedi
? Etiopathogenesis 189
? Clinical Manifestations 189
? Clinical Diagnosis 191

? Role ofImaging 191
? Management 192
? Visual Outcome 193
? Postoperative Complications 193
? Cosmetic Outcome 194
27. Cataract Surgery in Eyes Treated for Retinoblastoma 196
Rupal H Trivedi, Muralidhar Ramappa
28. Congenital Rubella Syndrome 199
Muralidhar Ramappa, Rupal H Trivedi
? Etiopathogenesis 199
? Epidemiology of CRS 200
? Clinical Manifestations 201
? Surgical Management of CRS 204
? Antenatal Diagnosis of Rubella 204
? Surveillance 204
? Preventive Steps 205
29. IOL Power Calculation after Corneal Refractive Surgery 208
Giacomo Savini, Kenneth J Hoffer
? Reasons for Errors in Intraocular Lens (IOL) Power Calculation
after Corneal Refractive Surgery 208
? Methods Developed to Calculate IOL Power after Corneal Refractive
Surgery by Excimer Laser 209
? Methods Developed to Calculate IOL Power after Incisional Corneal
Refractive Surgery 215
30. IOL Power Calculation in High Myopia, Hypermetropia and
Postvitrectomized Eyes 218
Harshul Tak, Suresh K Pandey
? IOL Power Calculation in High Myopia 218
? IOL Power Calculation in High Hypermetropia 220
? IOL Power Calculation in Postvitrectomized Eyes 221
? IOL Power Calculation in Silicone Oil Filled Eyes 221
31. Perioperative Management of the Cataract Surgery Patient 224
Michael A Mikhail, Amit K Ghosh
? Preoperative History and Physical Examination for Cataract Surgery 224
? Preoperative Testing for Cataract Surgery 225
? Perioperative Care for Patients with Medical Disorders Undergoing Cataract Surgery 225
? Complications of Cataract Care 227
Index 229