Availability: Άμεσα Διαθέσιμο

Global Climate Change and Human Health: From Science to Practice, 2nd Edition

ISBN: 9781119667957
ISBN: 9781119667957
Εκδόσεις:
Διαστάσεις 28 × 22 cm
Μορφή

Έντυπο

Εκδόσεις

Ημ. Έκδοσης

2021/06

Σελίδες

672

Έκδοση

2η έκδοση

Συγγραφείς

,

Κύριος Συγγραφέας

84,00€(Περιλαμβάνεται ΦΠΑ 6%)

Διαθεσιμότητα: 23-28 ημέρες

Κατηγορία:

Περιγραφή

Learn more about the impact of global warming and climate change on human health and disease

The Second Edition of Global Climate Change and Human Health delivers an accessible and comprehensive exploration of the rapidly accelerating and increasingly ubiquitous effects of climate change and global warming on human health and disease. The distinguished and accomplished authors discuss the health impacts of the economic, climatological, and geopolitical effects of global warming.

You’ll learn about:

The effect of extreme weather events on public health and the effects of changing meteorological conditions on human health
How changes in hydrology impact the spread of waterborne disease and noninfectious waterborne threats
Adaptation to, and the mitigation and governance of, climate change, including international perspectives on climate change adaptation

Perfect for students of public health, medicine, nursing, and pharmacy, Global Climate Change and Human Health, Second Edition is an invaluable resource for anyone with an interest in the intersection of climate and human health and disease.

About the Author

JAY LEMERY, MD, is Professor of Emergency Medicine and co-Director of the Climate & Health Program at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and faculty in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Health at the Colorado School of Public Health. He is the Medical Director for the National Science Foundation’s Polar Research Program and a past-President of the Wilderness Medical Society.

KIM KNOWLTON, DrPH, MS, is Assistant Professor of Environmental Health Sciences at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University; and senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council in New York. She served as co-convening lead author for the human health chapter of the U.S. Third National Climate Assessment; as a member of the 2nd and 4th New York City Panel on Climate Change; and participated in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s 2007 Fourth and 2013 Fifth Assessment Reports. She is a health scientist specializing in the human health impacts of climate change, particularly air pollution and extreme heat.

CECILIA SORENSEN, MD, is an Emergency Medicine physician-investigator in the area of climate change and health at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and the University of Colorado School of Public Health. She has a broad range of expertise at the intersection of human health, environmental health and social justice. Her recent work has spanned domestic as well as international emergent health issues related to climate change.

Περιεχόμενα

Contents 

Dedication
Preface
Foreward: Climate Change and the Pandemic
Acknoledgements
The Editors
The Contributors

Commentary on COVID-19, Climate Change, and Human Health…xxi
Jay Lemery, Kim Knowlton, Cecilia Sorensen, and Hanna Lindstadt

Chapter 1  Primer on Climate Science…1
Christopher K. Uejio, James D. Tamerius, Yoonjung Ahn, and Elaina Gonsoroski

Scientific Consensus
Weather, Climate Variability, Climate Change and Scientific Theory
Energy Balance
Evidence of a Changing Climate
Projected Future Climate Changes
Acknowledgement
References

Chapter 2  Climate Related Disasters: The Role of Prevention for Managing Health Risk…25
Mark E Keim

Introduction
Global Trends
Public Health Impact of Climate-Related Disasters, in General
Public Health Impact of Climate-Related Disasters, According to Hazard
Managing the Health Risk of Climate-Related Disasters
Summary
References

Chapter 3  Health Impacts of Extreme Heat…47 
Xiangmei (May) Wu and Rupa Basu

Introduction
Heat-Triggered Health Effects
Factors Influencing Health Effects of Heat Exposure
Adaptation, Mitigation, and Resilience
Summary
References 

Chapter 4  Climate Change Impacts on the Hydrologic Cycle and Waterborne Diseases…67
Jan C. Semenza

Changes in Hydrology Caused by Climate Change
Waterborne Pathogens Sensitive to Climate Change
Adaptation Strategies
Summary
Acknowledgment
Online Resources
References 

Chapter 5  Degraded Air Quality…93
Kim Knowlton an Vijay S. Limaye 

Climate Change and Air Quality
Air Pollutants Affected by Climate Change
Wildfires
Drought
Coccidiomycosis and Respiratory Health
Mold and Fungi
Air Pollution- Vulnerable Populations
Future Projections of Climate Change Effects on Air Pollution
Mitigation: Health Benefits of Reducing Carbon Pollution and Assoicated Co-Pollutant Air Pollution
Adaptation: Climate Health Preparedness and Reducing Air Pollution Vulnerability
Conclusion
Online Resources
References

Chapter 6  Potential Risks from Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms…115
J.S Metcalf and N.R. Souza

Introduction
Toxic Producing Groups of Algae
Effects of Cyanobacterial and Algal Toxins
How Will Climate Change Affect Algal and Cyanobacterial Blooms and Toxins?
Long-Term Solutions and Remediation
Emerging Questions and Conclusions
References 

Chapter 7  Climate Change, Carbon Dioxide, and Public Health: The Plant Biology Perspective…131
Lewis H. Ziska and Kristie L. Ebi

Introduction
Direct Consequences
Indirect Consequences
Conclusion
References 

Chapter 8  Climate and Its Impact on Vector-Borne Diseases…151
Andrea G. Buchwald, Jada F. Garofalo, Kenneth L. Gage, Charles B. Beard, and Rosemary Rochford

Arboviruses
Malaria
Lyme Disease in the United States
Summary and Conclusions
References 

Chapter 9  Food Systems Transformation: Toward Sustainable and Healthy Diets for All…171
Cristina Tirado

Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Food Security and Malnutrition
Vulnerability to Climate Impacts on Food Insecurity and Malnutrition
Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases and Emerging Risks
Integrated Multisectoral Adapation for Malnutrition
Sustainable and Healthy Food Systems and Dietary Patterns
Conclusions
References 

Chapter 10  Climate Change and Population Mental Health…187 
Salma M. Abdalla, Abdulrahman M. El-Sayed, and Sandro Galea

Overview
Climate Change Effect on Mental Health: Mechanisms
High Ambient Temperature and Heatwaves
Natural Disasters
Forced Migration
Economics, Geopolitics, and Violent Conflict
Phsyical Health
A Disproportionate Burden
Common Causes of Climate Change and Mental Health
Conclusion
References 

Chapter 11  Worker Health…203
Miranda Dally and Lee S. Newman

Introduction
Hazards
Migrant Workers and Climate Change
Adaptation and Response
Worker, Family, and Societal Burden
Conclusions
References

Chapter 12  Women’s Health and Climate Change: The Impact of Gender…223
Tracy A. Cushing and Cecilia J. Sorensen

Introduction
Direct Health Impacts of Climate Change on Women
Temperature
Air Quality
Climate-Related Disasters and Forced Migration
Food Insecurity
Water Scarcity
Infectious Diseases and Vector-Borne Illness
The Role of Women and Gener in Climate Change Policy and Planning
Summary
References

Chapter 13  Climate Modeling for Health Impacts…235
Kristopher B. Karnauskas

Greenhouse Gases and Radiative Forcing
What Is a Global Climate Model?
Global Climate Models and Global Change Science
Summary and Closing Remarks
References 

Chapter 14  Climate and Health Vulnerability Assessments: New Approaches and Tools for Adaptation Planning…249 
Peter Berry, Kristie L. Ebi, Rebekka Schnitter, Louise Aubin, and Sherilee Harper

Introduction
The Role of Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments in Preparing for Climate Change Impacts on Health
Methods for Undertaking a Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment
The Path Forward: Lessons Learned and Opportunities for Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments
The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments
Summary
References

Chapter 15  Climate Change Health Impact Projections: Looking into the Future…267
Nikhil A. Ranadive and Jeremy J. Hess

A Conceptual Overview of Climate Change Health Impact Projection Modeling
The Role of GCM Projections
The Role of Scenarios
Characterizations of Projected Exposures
Choosing and Quantifying Exposure-Outcome Associations
Projecting Health Impacts of Extreme Weather Events
Comparisons and the Counterfactual
Merging Data Streams in the Climate Change Health Impact Model
Climate Change Health Impact Projections in the Health Literature
Characterization of Risk
Frontiers in Climate Change Health Impact Projection
Summary
References 

Chapter 16  Protecting Environmental Justice Communities from the Detrimental Impacts of Climate Change…289
Cecilia Martinez and Nicky Sheats

Introduction
Climate Resiliency and Environmental Justice
Cumulative Impacts, Environmental Justice and Climate Change
Air Quality, Environmental Justice and Climate Change
Heat Waves, Environmental Justice and Climate Change
Extreme Weather Events and Environmental Justice
Indigenous Rights and Climate Change
Next Steps
Summary
References and Further Reading 

Chapter 17  Climate Change Communication…307
Adam Corner, Chris Shaw, Stuart Capstick, and Nick Pidgeon

Introduction
Public Understanding of Climate Change and Principle of Climate Change Communication
Communicating the Impacts of Climate Change
Communicating Climate Change through a Focus on Piublic Health
Summary
References and Further Reading

Chapter 18  International Perspective on Climate Change Adaptation 
Kristie L. Ebi

Introduction
Historical Perspective
International Framework for Adaptation
Assessing Adaptation Needs and Options
NAPAs and NAPs
Adaptation Option
Summary
References

Chapter 19  Health Co-Benefits of Climate Mitigation Strategies…343 
Elizabeth J. Carlton, Amber S. Khan, and Justin V. Remais

Introduction
Climate Mitigation
Estimating the Health Co-Benefits of Climate Mitigation
Climate Mitigation Health Co-Benefits by Sector
Challenges and Considerations
Summary
References 

Chapter 20  International Institutions and Global Governance on Climate Change…365
Ambereen K. Shaffie

Introduction
Challenges to Creating Effective Health-Climate Policies
International Governance Structures Addressing Climate Mitigation
An Introduction to Legal Instruments Relevant to the Health-Climate Nexus
Climate Negotiations
Conclusion
References and Further Reading 

Chapter 21  Climate Change and the Right to Health…393 
Alison Blaiklock, Carmel Williams, and Rhys Jones

Introduction
What are Human Rights?
What is the Right to Health?
Climate Crisis Impacts on the Right to Health
Unjust Disparities
Human Rights-Based Approaches to the Climate Crisis
Summary
References

Chapter 22  Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction…407
Virginia Murray, Debra Parkinson, and Ellen Bloomer

Overview
Climate-Related Disasters and Their Impacts
The 2015 UN Landmark Agreements
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
WHO’s Role in the Implementation of the Sendai Framework
Roles and Responsibilities of Health Care Professionals in Implementing the Sendai Framework
Summary
References

Chapter 23  Climate Change and Forced Migration 
Craig Spencer, Amit Chandra, and Micaela Y. Arthur

Introduction
The Decision to Migrate
Climate Change and Migration: A Geographic Perspective
International Frameworks and Conventions Governing Forced Migrant Protection
Climate Change Risks and Forced Migration
Summary
Online Resources
References 

Chapter 24  Valuing Climate Change Impacts on Human Health…433
Allison Crimmins

Introduction: Why Do We Value the Climate Change Impacts on Human Health?
Economic Valuation
Economic Models
Exmaples of Health Damage Estimates from Climate Change
Summary
References


Chapter 25  Health Care System Resilience…455
Caitlin S. Rublee, Emilie Calvello Hynes and John M. Balbus

Introduction
Definitions
Impacts of Extreme Weather Events on Health Care Systems
Natural Systems and Resources
International Frameworks for Health Care System Resilience
Green and Resilient Health Care
Case Studies
Econimics and Equity
Research Needs
Summary
References

Chapter 26  Health Professional Climate Engagement…477
Amy Collins, Shanda Demorest, and Sarah Spengeman

Introduction
Social Movements
Advocacy within the Health Care Sector
Clinically Sustainable Health Care
Health Professional Leadership for Broader Social Change
Encouraging Trends
Summary
Online Resources
References

Chapter 27  Specific Impacts Upon Human Health…497
Caleb Dresser and Satchit Balsari

Introduction
Cardiovascular Disease
Respiratory Disease
Pneumonic Plague
Pulmonary Hantavirus
Renal Disease
Neurologic Disease
Reproductive Health and Disease
Ocular Disease
Hematology and Oncology
Psychiatric Disease
Dermatologic Disease
Gastrointestinal Disease
Endocrine Disease
Multisystem Heat-Related Illness
Infectious Disease, Immunology and Toxicology
Summary
References

Chapter 28  Climate Change and Loss of Biodiversity…521
Richard Salkowe and Mark R. Hafen

Introduction Causes and Consequences of Biodiversity Loss
Historical Perspective
Biodiversity loss in the 21st Century
Marine and Coastal Ecosystems
Polar Ocean Ecosystems
Coastal Ecosystems
Rainforest Ecosystems
Desert Ecosystems
Mountain Ecosystems
Summary
References 

Chapter 29  Ecosystem Services…537 
Lydia Olander, Sara Mason, Heather Tallis, Joleah Lamb, Yuta J. Masuda and Randall Kramer

What are Ecosystem Services?
How does Climate Change Affect Ecosystem Services that Have an Impact on Human Health?
Ecosystem Solutions that Reduce Climate Change Impacts on Human Health
Summary
References 

Chapter 30  Climate Change and Health in Alaska…561 
Micah Hahn

Introduction
Environmental Change in Alaska
How is Alaska Different from the Contiguous United States?
Climate-Related Health Impacts in Alaska
OneHealth
Surveillance for Climate-Related Exposures and Health Outcomes in Alaska
Climate Adaptation Planning in Alaska
Next Steps in Addressing Climate and Health in Alaska
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References 

Chapter 31  The Global Energy Transition and Public Health in a Changing Climate…583
Hanna Linstadt, Cecilia J. Sorensen and Morgan D. Bazilian 

Introduction
Current Trends in Global Energy Supply
The Energy Transition and Climate Change
Global Energy Poverty and the SDGs
Clean Energy Transitions and Health
Conclusion
References 

Loss of Coral Reefs…591 
Carolyn Sotka

The Nurses Climate Challenge: A Model for Health Professional Climate Action…600
Shanda Demorset

Glossary
Index