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Netter’s Essential Physiology, 3rd Edition

ISBN: 9780443113635
ISBN: 9780443113635
Διαστάσεις 28 × 22 cm



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Clear, focused, and highly visual, Netter’s Essential Physiology, 3rd Edition, uses a concise, clinical approach to help you grasp key concepts quickly and easily. Illustrated by the world-renowned Frank H. Netter, MD, and artists working in his tradition, this readable text combines easy-to-understand prose with clinical correlations, “light bulb” side notes, end-of-chapter questions, and helpful videos to ensure a complete understanding of complex content. It’s an ideal text for a basic understanding of physiology, as an overview of the subject, or as a supplement to lectures.
Key Features
  • Uses beautifully clear drawings and diagrams from the Netter collection to teach key points quickly, effectively, and memorably.
  • Contains “light bulb” boxes that use memorable details or examples to foster “a-ha” learning moments.
  • Includes expanded pathophysiology content with more clinical correlates, including the fallacy of race-dependent differences in normal GFR values and pulmonary function.
  • Features new illustrations for GI physiology, and updated figures throughout to better reflect the diversity in human populations.
  • Contains more practice questions per section.
  • Provides video tutorials that explain challenging but essential physiology concepts.
  • An eBook version is included with purchase. The eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references, plus videos and additional self-assessment questions, with the ability to search, make notes and highlights, and have content read aloud.

Evolve Instructor site with image bank is available to instructors through their Elsevier sales rep or via request at https://evolve.elsevier.com.


Cover image
Title page
Table of Contents
About the Authors
About the Artists
Video Contents
Section 1. Cell Physiology, Fluid Homeostasis, and Membrane Transport
Chapter 1. The Cell and Fluid Homeostasis
Cell Structure and Organization
The Cell Membrane
Fluid Compartments: Size and Constitutive Elements
Osmosis, Starling Forces, and Fluid Homeostasis
Chapter 2. Membrane Transport and Cell Signaling Mechanisms
Cellular Transport: Passive and Active Mechanisms
Ion Channels
Cell Signaling Mechanisms
Section 2. The Nervous System and Muscle
Chapter 3. Nerve and Muscle Physiology
Resting Membrane Potentials
Electrophysical Principles
Action Potentials
Action Potential Conduction
Synaptic Transmission
Neuromuscular Junction
Skeletal Muscle Organization
Excitation-Contraction Coupling
The Sliding Filament Theory
Mechanical Considerations in Skeletal Muscle Contraction
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Chapter 4. Organization and General Functions of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Chapter 5. Sensory Physiology
Sensory Receptors
The Visual System
The Auditory System
The Vestibular System
Chemical Senses
Chapter 6. The Somatic Motor System
Muscle Spindles
Spinal Reflexes
Role of Higher Centers in Motor Control
Chapter 7. The Autonomic Nervous System
Organization and General Functions of the Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Receptors
Section 3. Cardiovascular Physiology
Chapter 8. The Blood
Composition of Blood
Chapter 9. Overview of the Heart and Circulation
General Scheme of the Circulation
Structure of the Heart
Conduction System of the Heart
Chapter 10. Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cardiac Action Potentials
The Electrocardiogram
Chapter 11. Flow, Pressure, and Resistance
Basic Hemodynamics
Blood Pressure
Biophysics of Circulation
Chapter 12. The Cardiac Pump
The Cardiac Cycle
Regulation of Cardiac Output
Assessment of Cardiac Function
Vascular Function and Cardiac Output
Chapter 13. The Peripheral Circulation
The Microcirculation
The Lymphatic System
Regulation of Blood Flow
Regulation of Arterial Blood Pressure
Special Circulations
Section 4. Respiratory Physiology
Chapter 14. Pulmonary Ventilation and Perfusion and Diffusion of Gases
Blood Flow in the Lungs
Functional Anatomy of the Lungs and Airways
Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
Ventilation and Alveolar Gas Composition
Diffusion of Gases
Ventilation and Perfusion Gradients
Chapter 15. The Mechanics of Breathing
Basic Mechanics of the Ventilatory Apparatus
Compliance, Elastance, and Pressure-Volume Relationships
Surfactant and Surface Tension
Airway Resistance
Dynamic Compression of Airways during Expiration
Obstructive and Restrictive Pulmonary Diseases and Pulmonary Function Tests
Chapter 16. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport and Control of Respiration
Transport of Oxygen
The Oxyhemoglobin Dissociation Curve
Transport of Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Dioxide Transport and Acid-Base Balance
Acid-Base Disturbances
Control of Respiration
Section 5. Renal Physiology
Chapter 17. Overview, Glomerular Filtration, and Renal Clearance
Structure and Overall Function of the Kidneys
Glomerular Filtration: Physical Factors and Starling Forces
Renal Clearance
Regulation of Renal Hemodynamics
Chapter 18. Renal Transport Processes
General Overview of Renal Transport
Sodium-Driven Solute Transport
Bicarbonate Handling
Potassium Handling
Calcium and Phosphate Transport
Chapter 19. Urine Concentration and Dilution Mechanisms
The Loop of Henle and Collecting Duct Cells
Urine-Concentrating Mechanism
Dilution of Urine
Free Water Clearance
Chapter 20. Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Volume and Osmolarity
Intrarenal Regulation of Sodium and Fluid Reabsorption
Neurohumoral Control of Renal Sodium Reabsorption
Renal Response to Changes in Plasma Volume and Osmolarity
Chapter 21. Regulation of Acid-Base Balance by the Kidneys
Control of Extracellular Fluid pH
HCO3− and H+ Handling through the Renal Tubule
Renal Mechanisms Contributing to Net Acid Excretion
Acidosis and Alkalosis
Anion Gap
Section 6. Gastrointestinal Physiology
Chapter 22. Overview of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Structure and Overall Function of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Thirst and Hunger: Behavioral Responses to Maintain the Milieu Interieur
Fluid Shifts and pH Through the Tract
The Enteric Nervous System
The GI Tract as an Endocrine Organ
Gut Microbiota
Integrated Regulation of GI Function
Chapter 23. Motility Through the Gastrointestinal Tract
Electrical Potentials
Interdigestive Housekeeping: The Migrating Myoelectric Complex
Site-Specific Propulsion
Defecation and the Defecation (Rectosphincteric) Reflex
Regulation of Motility
Vomiting and Diarrhea
Chapter 24. Gastrointestinal Secretions
Salivary Secretion and Regulation
Secretions of the Gastric Glands and Regulation of Hydrochloric Acid Secretion
Secretions From the Small Intestine: Electrolytes, Enzymes, and Hormones
Pancreatic Buffer and Enzyme Secretions
Gallbladder Function
Colonic Secretions
Chapter 25. Hepatobiliary Function
Overview of Liver Functions
Liver Structure and Blood Flow
Basic Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins
Production and Secretion of Bile
Basic Endocrine Functions
Chapter 26. Digestion and Absorption
Anatomy and Nutrient Absorption
Carbohydrate Digestion and Absorption
Protein Digestion and Absorption
Lipid Digestion and Absorption
Electrolyte and Water Absorption
Divalent Cation Absorption
Vitamin Absorption
Section 7. Endocrine Physiology
Chapter 27. General Principles of Endocrinology and Pituitary and Hypothalamic Hormones
Hormone Synthesis
Mechanisms of Hormone Action
General Endocrine Roles of the Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
Feedback Systems and Receptor Regulation in the Endocrine System
Posterior Pituitary Hormones
Anterior Pituitary Hormones
Growth Hormone
Chapter 28. Thyroid Hormones
Structure of the Thyroid Gland
Synthesis, Release, and Uptake of Thyroid Hormones
Chapter 29. Adrenal Hormones
Adrenal Gland Structure
Synthesis and Regulation of Adrenal Cortical Steroid Hormones
Actions of Cortisol
Actions of Adrenal Androgens
Regulation and Actions of Aldosterone
The Adrenal Medulla
Chapter 30. The Endocrine Pancreas
Structure of the Pancreas
Synthesis, Secretion, and Actions of Insulin
Synthesis, Secretion, and Actions of Glucagon
Synthesis, Secretion, and Action of Somatostatin
Chapter 31. Calcium-Regulating Hormones
Overview of Calcium Homeostasis
Synthesis and Actions of Calcium-Regulating Hormones
Chapter 32. Hormones of the Reproductive System
Fetal Development of the Reproductive Organs and Differentiation of Genitalia
The Menstrual Cycle and Female Reproductive Endocrinology
Implantation and Pregnancy
Male Reproductive Endocrinology