How to assess patients? palliative care needs beyond just the relief of symptoms, how to manage patients? pain most effectively during the later stages of their lives, and how to be a critical member of a palliative care team of physicians are just a few of the essential things the anesthesiologist will learn by reading this outstanding issue of the Anesthesiology Clinics. We offer practical guidelines and updated clinical information that the anesthesiologist will use on the regular basis. Our expert authors also tackle controversial ethical issues and challenging decisions that anesthesiologists are faced with in the palliative care arena, as well as topics such as psychological issues, palliative radiation, rehabilitation, hospice, pediatrics, geriatrics, bereavement, complementary and alternative medicine, spirituality and the dying process, and the role of social work.