Effective stroke therapy can be improved through real-time monitoring of the neurological and cardiovascular responses to treatment. This requires crucial knowledge on behalf of both the sonographer and stroke physician to make the best decisions for the patient so as to minimize the damage caused by the original stroke and the risk of further stroke.
Cerebrovascular Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention and Treatment, Second Edition, takes a practical approach to the examination of patients, the interpretation of ultrasound studies and the application of cerebrovascular ultrasound in the development of management and treatment studies, assisting neurologists, radiologists, and ultrasonographers in stroke therapy.
List of Contributors.
Preface to the First Edition.
Foreword to the First Edition.
Acknowledgment (First Edition).
Practice of Ultrasound: an Introduction.
Part I How to Perform Ultrasound Tests.
1 Principles of Extracranial Ultrasound Examination (Andrei V. Alexandrov, Alice Robinson-Vaughn, Clotilde Balucani & Marsha M. Neumyer).
2 Intracranial Cerebrovascular Ultrasound Examination Techniques Andrei V. Alexandrov, Marta Rubiera, Paola Palazzo & Marsha M. Neumyer).
3 Anatomy of the Brain?s Arterial Supply (Joel Cure).
Part II Hemodynamic Principles.
4 Integrated Assessment of Systemic and Intracranial Hemodynamics (Anne W. Alexandrov).
5 Practical Models of Cerebral Hemodynamics and Waveform Recognition (Andrei V. Alexandrov).
Part III Criteria for Interpretation.
6 Diagnostic Criteria for Cerebrovascular Ultrasound (Georgios Tsivgoulis, Marsha M. Neumyer & Andrei V. Alexandrov).
Part IV Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention and Treatment.
7 Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention: TCD and Sickle Cell Disease (Fenwick T. Nichols III, Robert J Adams & Anne M. Jones).
8 Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Carotid Ultrasound (Tatjana Rundek & Joseph F. Polak).
9 Applications of Functional Transcranial Doppler (fTCD) (Konstantinos Vadikolias & Georgios Tsivgoulis).
10 Transcranial Doppler in the Detection and Quantitation of Patent Foramen Ovale and Other Right-to-Left Circulatory Shunts (Annabelle Lao, Cindy J. Fuller & Jill T. Jesurum).
11 Ultrasound in Neurocritical Care (Andrew D. Barreto & James C. Grotta).
12 Cerebral Vasospasm after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (Mark R. Harrigan, David W. Newell & Andrei V. Alexandrov).
13 Intra-Operative TCD Monitoring (Zsolt Garami & Alan B. Lumsden).
14 Intracranial Stenosis (Vijay K. Sharma & K.S. Lawrence Wong).
15 Ultrasound in Acute Stroke: Diagnosis, Reversed Robin Hood Syndrome and Sonothrombolysis (Andrei V. Alexandrov, Robert Mikulik & Andrew Demchuk).
16 Ultrasound and Gaseous Microspheres (Flemming Forsberg & Andrei V. Alexandrov).
17 Neurosonology Pearls (Georgios Tsivgoulis, Clotilde Balucani & Vijay K Sharma).